STRAND 2: Application to specific scenarios

2.1BUSINESS AND EMPLOYMENT

Topic

Examples ref ITGS Guide: first exams 2012 (Pg 23)

Traditional businesses
"Banks, including ATM (automatic teller machines), EFT (electronic funds transfer),
hotels, supermarkets, travel agencies."
Online businesses (e-commerce)
"Working practices such as teleworking and home working."
Transportation
"Airline reservation systems, navigation, package tracking, traffic control systems,
IT systems in cars."

2.2EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Topic

Examples

Distance learning over large areas
Hospitals, prisons, retirement homes, schools.
Use of IT in teaching and learning
Educational software, online research and forums, virtual learning environments (VLE), e-books, Web 2.0 educational networks,
use of mobile devices, game-based learning, fully immersive environments, filtering and monitoring of students’ internet use, 1-to-1, m-learning.
Hardware and network technologies in the classroom
Laptop computers, handheld devices, interactive whiteboards.
Provision for special needs
Inclusive software, Braille keyboards, accessibility.
School administration
Record-keeping of staff and finances, libraries, student records, EDI (electronic data interchange).

2.3ENVIRONMENT

Topic

Examples

Modelling and simulations
Climate change, forecasting natural events or demographic changes.
Data logging
Sensors, probes, real-time data collection.
Satellite communication
Remote sensing devices, satellite imagery, tagging.
Mapping, virtual globes
Geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS), cell/mobile phone tracking, online journey planning, online maps.
E-waste
Development, disposal and recycling of IT equipment, monitoring organizations such as the Basel Action Network.
Resource depletion
Use of non-renewable resources for manufacturing components, electrical consumption of IT systems.

2.4HEALTH

Topic

Examples

Diagnostic and therapeutic tools
Surgery, prosthetic devices, diagnostic technology, rehabilitation, patient monitoring, individualized IT solutions for disabled people, accessibility.
Medical information, administration, marketing and sales
Medical advice, e-prescriptions, telemedicine, electronic health records, international health cards.
Medical research
Global collaboration, database for the Human Genome Project, improving patient rehabilitation.
Psychological and physical considerations
Internet addiction, repetitive strain injury (RSI), ergonomics.

2.5 HOME AND LEISURE

Topic

Examples

Homes and home networks
IT management of home systems: for example, lighting, security, entertainment centres.
Digital entertainment
Films, photographs, music, arts, online and digital games, gambling, virtual worlds.
Social networking
Chat rooms, messaging, blogging, file sharing, wikis.
Published and broadcast information
Books, newspapers, digital radio and TV, e-books, podcasts.
Digital policing
Monitoring organizations such as the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
Hardware, software and networks
Portable digital devices and their ability to remotely control other devices, IT-enabled appliances.

2.6GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

Topic

Examples

Political processes
Online campaigning, voting, lobbying, fund-raising and advertising.
Government information sites
For example, travel warnings, tourist information, environmental information and warnings, government policies, city government websites.
Access to, and updating of, personal information held on government databases
Collection, storage and updating of personal data: for example, driving licence, TV licence, tax returns, passport applications and renewals,
medical records, military service records, social security information, online police records.
Government control and use of information
Censorship, data matching across agencies, archiving, biometric data, national identity cards.
Law and order
Police surveillance, terrorist monitoring, DNA data.
Military
Cyberwarfare, smart weapons, espionage, battlefield technology.